您的当前位置:久久色综合在线视频 > 拍写真的步骤 > 正文

每日听力|BBC六分钟双语版168 - Objectification

  • 作者:admin    最后更新:2020-10-25 23:21    点击数:
  • 原标题:每日听力|BBC六分钟双语版168 - Objectification

    关注回复关键字“福利”,免费送你优质英文有声读物

    每日听力内容来自BBC英语六分钟, 版权归BBC一切,仅供学习交流,如有侵权,请后台有关。该节现在英式英语,每日更新,和实际生活亲昵有关。每个听力文件6分钟,而且每次都有听力题现在,能够用来备考四六级等各栽英语考试考试。

    听力手段:1. 听3-5遍以上,2. 对照文本听2遍,并查5-10个单词 3. 盲听5遍以上。4. 留言处写下题目的应案。只要你留言,吾就给你上墙,留言格式:昵称+天数,e.g 喜欢酱-Day 4

    社群声援:关注幼芳先生,后台回复关键词“听力”,添入千人千日听力计划。

    Introduction

    Impossibly attractive and implausibly perfect models in adverts and in movies and on TV you are much more likely to see naked or half-naked women than men. But there seems to be a trend to objectify men too. Are there any positive points to it or is it creating self-absorbed people? Listen to the discussion.

    This week's question

    On British TV, in which decade was a completely naked man first seen? Was it…

    a) the 1940s

    b) the 1950s

    c) the 1960s

    Listen to the programme to find out the answer.

    Tran

    Note: This is not a word for word tran

    Neil

    Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English, I'm Neil.

    Sam

    And I'm Sam.

    Neil

    And in this programme we're looking at the word objectification.

    Sam

    Objectification is when we reduce people to objects.

    Neil

    An example of this is advertising and the media and in particular the way women have been shown. Impossibly attractive and implausibly perfect models in adverts and in movies and on TV you are much more likely to see naked or half-naked women than men.

    Sam

    Objectification can lead to issues in societysuch as inequality and discrimination. Objectification of women is a problem but what about the objectification of men?

    Neil

    Before we hear more, it's time for a question. Today's question is: on British TV in which decade was a completely naked man first seen? Was it…

    a) the 1940s

    b) the 1950s

    c) the 1960s

    What do you think Sam?

    Sam

    I'm going for the 60s.

    Neil

    I'll give the answer later in the programme. Now Sam, do you know the TV programme Love Island?

    Sam

    Yes, it's a kind of a dating show and all the contestants - men and women - spend a lot of time in their swimming costumes and they've all got perfect bodies.

    Neil

    Yes, that's right. It's a programme that seems equally to objectify men and women equally. But is that a bad thing? Dr Peter Lucas is Senior Lecturer in Philosophy at the University of Central Lancashire. He spoke on this topic on the BBC's Woman's Hour programme. What does he suggest might be the advantage of featuring men with 'perfect' bodies?

    Dr Peter Lucas

    If you look at the impact of TV series like Love Island for instance, the producers of that programme present that as, have described that as being aspirational for their audience. It's presenting role models, its presenting models that people are supposed to aspire to. Now many women, thinking about the male bodies that are on display there might think well, if it means that more men get off to the gym, look after themselves physically, surely that's a good thing.

    Neil

    So what might be an advantage of these highly fit athletic bodies on show?

    Sam

    Dr Lucas suggests that seeing those bodies might encourage men to go to the gym and work hard to improve their fitness and health and that could be a good thing.

    Neil

    Yes, the people in the programme are described as role models. A role model is someone whose behaviour is seen as a good example for others to copy.

    Sam

    I'm not sure the behaviour of the people in Love Island makes them good role models, but perhaps from the point of view of their physical fitness they give us something to aspire to. If you aspire to something, it's something you can aim for, something you want to achieve. Dr Lucas also used a related word, aspirational. The TV series Love Island was described as being aspirational. It shows a lifestyle that people would like to have, something they might aim to achieve.

    Neil

    But there are also dangers to encouraging people to get to the gym. Here's Dr Lucas again.

    Dr Peter Lucas

    But also it's likely to generate higher levels of narcissism, self-consciousness, becoming obsessive about your appearance. It's not particularly an attractive feature either in men or in women and I suspect that's impacting on men's behaviour in a way which is detrimental in the same sort of way that's been detrimental for women really, for decades.

    Neil

    He talks about behaviour that is detrimental, this means behaviour that has a negative impact. What behaviours does he say are detrimental?

    Sam

    If people become obsessed by their appearance it could lead to narcissism. This is a condition where you spend so much time focussing on yourself, your own looks, your own body that you stop caring about anyone else.

    Neil

    And because it's very very hard to get that kind of body it can also lead to people being very self-conscious. They might become embarrassed about their bodies and lose confidence in themselves as a result.

    Right. It's almost time to review this week's vocabulary, but before that let's have the answer to the quiz. In what decade was the first naked man seen on British TV? Was it…

    a) the 1940s

    b) the 1950s

    c) the 1960s

    What did you say, Sam?

    Sam

    I said c) the 60s.

    Neil

    I'm afraid the revolution had come earlier than that. The correct answer is the 1950s. It was a 1957 documentary called Out of Step, part of which was filmed at a nudist colony. Now, time for our vocabulary.

    Sam

    Our first word was objectification. This is the noun for when we reduce a human being to an object. We don't think of them as a real person anymore. The verb is to objectify.

    Neil

    Someone whose behaviour is a good example that others want to copy is a role model.

    Sam

    When it comes to presenting 6 Minute English, you are my role model, Neil.

    Neil

    You're too kind, and I aspire to your level of professionalism, Sam. To aspire to - to aim to be, to hope to achieve.

    Sam

    That is related to the next word, aspirational. This adjective is used to describe the desire to improve parts of you life - for example, getting a better job or a better body. Aspirational TV programmes or adverts show lifestyles that people might want to be theirs.

    Neil

    Our next word is an adjective for something that is bad for you, something that has a negative effect. The adjective is detrimental.

    Sam

    We heard that aspiring to the perfect body can be detrimental because it might lead to narcissism. Narcissism is the term for someone who is so obsessed with their own body and life that they don't care about anyone else.

    Neil

    Achieving that perfect body is incredibly hard and impossible for most real people and not achieving it can make people overly self-conscious - which in this situation means that they can lose confidence in themselves.

    Sam

    That's all we have time for today. Do join us next time and remember you can find us on the website bbclearningenglish.com. Bye bye.

    Neil

    Bye!

    Vocabulary

    objectification

    the noun for when we reduce a human being to an object, we don't think of them as a real person anymore

    role model

    someone whose behaviour is a good example that others want to copy

    aspire to

    aim to be, hope to achieve

    detrimental

    an adjective for something that is bad for you, something that has a negative effect

    narcissism

    the term for someone who is so obsessed with their own body and life that they don't care about anyone else

    self-conscious (about their body)

    someone embarrassed about their body losing confidence in themselves as a result

    双语版Transcript

    Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English, I’m Neil.

    行家益,迎接来到六分钟英语,吾是尼尔。

    And I’m Sam.

    吾是萨姆。

    And in this programme we’re looking at the word - objectification.

    而且在这个节现在里吾们会望一下“丧生”这个词。

    Objectification is when we reduce people to objects.

    丧生是说当吾们把人当做物体望待时。

    An example of this is advertising in the media and in particular the way women have been shown. Impossibly attractive and implausibly perfect models in adverts and in movies and on TV you are much more likely to see naked or half-naked women than men.

    丧生的一个例子是媒体广告方面,稀奇是女性的外现手段。在广告,电影以及电视里稀奇引人注现在以及令人难以信任的完善模特中,你望到全裸或半裸的女性比望到全裸或半裸的男性更有能够。

    Objectification can lead to issues in society such as inequality and discrimination. Objectification of women is a problem, but what about the objectification of men?

    丧生能够导致社会中的栽栽事宜,像是不屈等和无视。丧生女性是一个题目,但是丧生男性呢?

    Before we hear more, it’s time for a question. Today’s question is: on British TV in which decade was a completely naked man first seen? Was it… a) the 1940s b) the 1950s or c) the 1960s?What do you think, Sam?

    在吾们听到更多内容之前,是时候回应题目了。今天的题目是:哪个年代,全裸的男性在英国电视中被望到?是a) 20世纪40年代 b) 20世纪50年代 照样 c) 20世纪60年代?你觉得呢,萨姆?

    I’m going for the 60s.

    吾说是60年代。

    I’ll give the answer later in the programme. Now Sam, do you know the TV programme Love Island?

    稍后在节现在中吾们将给出应案。萨姆,你清新《喜欢之岛》这个电视节现在吗?

    Yes, it’s a kind of a dating show. And all the contestants - men and women - spend a lot of time in their swimming costumes and they’ve all got perfect bodies.

    清新,它是一类相亲节现在。而且一切的男女参赛者消耗大量时间在他们的泳衣上面,他们都有着完善身材。

    Yes, that’s right. It’s a programme that seems to objectify men and women equally. But is that a bad thing? Dr Peter Lucas is Senior Lecturer in Philosophy at the University of Central Lancashire. He spoke on this topic on the BBC’s Woman’s Hour programme. What does he suggest might be the advantage of featuring men with ’perfect’ bodies?

    是的,是那样的。这个节现在望首来像是平等丧生男性和丧生女性的节现在。但是那是一件坏事吗?皮特?卢卡斯博士是中兰开夏大学形而上学系高级讲师。他在BBC《女性时间》节现在里谈到了这个话题。他外示什么也许是完善身材特征男性的上风?

    If you look at the impact of TV series like Love Island for instance, the producers of that programme present that as, have described that as being aspirational for their audience. It’s presenting role models, it’s presenting models that people are supposed to, aspire to. Now many women, thinking about the male bodies that are on display, they might think well. If it means that more men get off to the gym, look after themselves physically, surely that’s a good thing.

    倘若你望一下电视系列节现在造成的影响,例如《喜欢之岛》,谁人节主意制片人所表现出来的被形容为其不益看多所梦寐以求的。它表现出榜样,表现出人们所憧憬,所渴求成为的模范。现在很多女性,她们也许认为将男性身材展现出来挺益的。倘若那意味着更多男性往健身房,关心本身的身体,无疑那会是一件益事。

    So what might be an advantage of these highly fit athletic bodies on show?

    以是节现在中这些拥有专门雄壮身材的人也许有什么上风呢?

    Dr Lucas suggests that seeing those bodies might encourage men to go to the gym and work hard to improve their fitness and health,and that could be a good thing.

    卢卡斯博士说望那栽身材也许能够鼓励男性往健身房并竭力做事挑高本身的健康程度,那是一件益事。

    Yes, the people in the programme are described as role models. A role model is someone whose behaviour is seen as a good example for others to copy.

    是的,节现在里的人被形容为榜样。榜样是形容某幼我,其走为举止被视为他人效仿的益例子。

    I’m not sure the behaviour of the people in Love Island makes them good role models. But perhaps from the point of view of their physical fitness they give us something to aspire to. If you aspire to something, it’s something you can aim for, something you want to achieve. Dr Lucas also used a related word - aspirational. The TV series Love Island was described as being aspirational. It shows a lifestyle that people would like to have, something they might aim to achieve.

    吾不确定《喜欢之岛》内里的人的走为会使他们成为益的榜样。但是也许从他们身体健康角度来望,他们给了吾们所渴求的东西。倘若你渴求某物,它就是你力争的东西,你想要获得的东西。卢卡斯博士同样用到了有关词汇——梦寐以求的。电视系列节现在《喜欢之岛》被形容为梦寐以求的。它外清新秀们想要拥有的一栽生活手段,他们也许要实现的现在标。

    But there are also dangers to encouraging people to get to the gym. Here’s Dr Lucas again.

    但是鼓励人们往健身房同样有危险。这是卢卡斯博士再次谈到的。

    But also it’s likely to generate higher levels of narcissism, self-consciousness, becoming obsessive about your appearance. It’s not particularly an attractive feature either in men or in women. And I suspect that’s impacting on men’s behaviour in a way which is detrimental in the same sort of way that’s been detrimental for women really, for decades.

    但是同样的,它有能够产生更高层次的自恋,腼腆,变得太甚寻求本身的外外。不论是在男性身上照样女性身上它并不是一栽稀奇有吸引力的特征。而且吾推想它在肯定程度上对男性走为造成影响,那对男性是有害的,同样的手段对女性也是真的有害的,数十年来这样。

    He talks about behaviour that is detrimental, this means behaviour that has a negative impact. What behaviours does he say are detrimental?

    他谈到了有害的走为,这指的是有消极影响的走为。他说什么走为是有害的?

    If people become obsessed by their appearance it could lead to narcissism. This is a condition where you spend so much time focussing on yourself, your own looks, your own body that you stop caring about anyone else.

    倘若你人们变得入神于本身的外外,那会导致自恋。这栽情况下你会消耗太多时间关注自身,本身的外外,本身的身材,你会不再关心其他人。

    And because it’s very very hard to get that kind of body it can also lead to people being very self-conscious. They might become embarrassed about their bodies and lose confidence in themselves as a result. Right. It’s almost time to review this week’s vocabulary, but before that let’s have the answer to the quiz. In what decade was the first naked man seen on British TV? Was it… a) the 1940s b) the 1950s or c) the 1960s? What did you say, Sam?

    而且由于获得那栽身材专门专门难得,那会导致人们变得专门腼腆。因此他们也许会变得对本身的身材感到拮据,对本身失踪信念。益的。差不多是时候回顾这周的单词了,但是在那之前让吾们揭晓测试题目的应案。哪个年代在英国电视上望到了首个裸露的男性?是a) 20世纪40年代 b) 20世纪50年代 照样 c) 20世纪60年代?你说是什么,萨姆?

    I said c) the 60s.

    吾说是c) 60年代。

    I’m afraid the revolution had come earlier than that. The correct answer is the 1950s. It was a 1957 documentary called Out of Step, part of which was filmed at a nudist colony. Now, time for our vocabulary.

    恐怕那栽思维手段的变革来得比那要早。正确应案是20世纪50年代。那是一个1957年的纪录片,叫做《失步》,片面画面拍摄于裸体主义者殖民地。现在是时候回顾单词了。

    Our first word was ’objectification’. This is the noun for when we reduce a human being to an object. We don’t think of them as a real person anymore. The verb is ’to objectify’.

    吾们的第一个单词是“丧生”。这个名词是说当吾们把人当做物体望待时。吾们不再认为他们是实在的人。动词方法是“to objectify”。

    Someone whose behaviour is a good example that others want to copy is a role model.

    某人的走为是他人想要效仿的益例子,那他就是榜样。

    When it comes to presenting 6 Minute English, you are my role model, Neil.

    当说到表现六分钟英语时,你就是吾的榜样,尼尔。

    You’re too kind, and I aspire to your level of professionalism, Sam. To aspire to - to aim to be, to hope to achieve.

    你太客气了,吾渴求你的专科素质程度,萨姆。渴求——主意是要,期待达到。

    That is related to the next word, aspirational. This adjective is used to describe the desire to improve parts of you life, for example, getting a better job or a better body. Aspirational TV programmes or adverts show lifestyles that people might want to be theirs.

    那和下一个词有关,梦寐以求的。这个形容词被用来形容想要改善片面生活的期待,例如,获得更益的做事或更益的身材。梦寐以求的电视节现在或者广告表现出人们也许想要的生活手段。

    Our next word is an adjective for something that is bad for you, something that has a negative effect. The adjective is ’detrimental’.

    吾们下一个单词是形容词,指的是对你有害的某物,有消极影响的某物。谁人形容词是“有害的”。

    We heard that aspiring to the perfect body can be detrimental, because it might lead to narcissism. Narcissism’ is the term for someone who is so obsessed with their own body and life that they don’t care about anyone else.

    吾们听说对完善身材的渴求会是有害的,由于它也许会导致自恋。“自恋”这个词是说某人这样入神于本身的身材和生活,以至于他们不关心其他人。

    Achieving that perfect body is incredibly hard and impossible for most real people. And not achieving it can make people overly self-conscious, which in this situation means that they can lose confidence in themselves.

    达到那栽完善身材是相等难得的,而且对大无数人来说是不能够的。而且达不到谁人现在标会使人们太甚腼腆,在这栽情况下那指的是他们对本身失踪信念。

    That’s all we have time for today. Bye bye.

    以上就是吾们今天一切的内容。拜拜。

    Bye!

    拜!

    为什么听力无法挑高?

    因为有多栽:

    听不懂(听力原料太难) 两天打渔,三天晒网,不及坚持(绝大片面人都输在这一条上面) 异国刻意演习(异国精听的过程,不及挑高)

    针对上面的题目:

    BBC听力原料是对话题材,相对浅易,清淡程度都能听得懂 能够演习,每天听写两到三个句子。

    听力手段:

    1. 听3-5遍以上 2. 对照文本听2遍,并查5-10个单词(先望英文版,再对照双语版) 3. 盲听5遍以上。 4. 留言处写下题目的应案以及听写的两至三个句子。

    你留言,吾给你上墙,留言格式:昵称+天数,e.g 喜欢酱-Day 4-C- I love bread

    声明:除稀奇注解原创授权转载文章外,其他文章均为转载,版权归原作者或平台一切。如有侵权,请后台有关,告知删除,谢谢

    Powered by 久久色综合在线视频 @2018 RSS地图 html地图

    Copyright 站群系统 © 2012-2013 365建站器 版权所有